Restorative dentistry is the study, diagnosis and management of the diseases of the teeth and their supporting structures and the rehabilitation of the dentition to the functional and esthetic requirements of the individual. This includes:
- Dental Fillings
- Root Canals
- Gum Surgery
- Crown and Bridge
Dental Fillings involve removal of decayed or damaged tooth structure and replacement with a variety of possible materials. Dental amalgam (silver filling) is a strong, durable and cost effective material used in areas of the mouth where esthetics is not a concern. Composites (white fillings) are used in areas where the biting forces are lower and esthetics are paramount. Composites are more costly and less durable than amalgam. Gold alloys are sometimes used in the back teeth because of their stability and durability and are considered by many dentists to be the best material for this area of the mouth.
Root Canal Therapy is a process where the nerve and soft tissue inside the tooth is removed. The canal spaces are cleaned and then filled with a compound called gutta percha. A root canal is often a viable option for saving a tooth which would otherwise require removal.